Saint Xavier University Students

Psychology Faculty

Timothy D. Ritchieritchie

Associate Professor, Chairperson


Areas of Specialization

Psychology, Social Cognition, Emotion, Autobiographical Memory, Subjective Well-being, Organizational Behavior, Stress


In August 2014, Dr. Ritchie joined the Psychology Department at Saint Xavier University as chairperson.

From 2009 to 2014, he earned tenure at the Department of Psychology, University of Limerick, Ireland.

From 2007 to 2009, he was a research and teaching fellow at the Center for Research on Self and Identity, School of Psychology, University of Southampton, England.

In 2006, he earned a Ph.D. in Social and Industrial-Organizational Psychology from Northern Illinois University; a M.A. in Clinical Psychology from Roosevelt University Chicago (1999); and, a B.S. in Psychology with a Philosophy minor from Loyola University Chicago (1997).

Dr. Ritchie collaborates with scholars locally and internationally. He is a peer reviewer for more than 30 scientific journals, an action editor for 3 journals, a lead author and a coauthor on more than 45 peer-reviewed journal articles, encyclopedia entries, and book chapters; he frequently presents at conferences and as a guest lecturer.

Courses Taught

Selected Publications

Kinsella, E. L., Ritchie, T. D., & Igou, E. R. (2017). On the bravery and courage of heroes: Considering gender. Heroism Science, 2, 1-14.

Kinsella, E. L., Igou, E. R., & Ritchie, T. D. (2017). Heroism and the pursuit of a meaningful life. Journal of Humanistic Psychology. doi: 10.1177/0022167817701002

Ritchie, T. D., Sedikides, C., & Skowronski, J. J. (2015). Emotions experienced at event recall and the self: Implications for the regulation of self-esteem, self-continuity and meaningfulness. Memory. doi: 10.1080/09658211.2015.1031678

Kinsella, E. L., Ritchie, T. D., & Igou, E. R. (2015). Zeroing in on heroes: A prototype analysis of hero features. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 108, 114-127.

Wilkinson, W. W., & Ritchie, T. D. (2015). The dimensionality of defense mechanism parcels in the Defense Style Questionnaire-40. Psychological Assessment, 27, 326-331.

Ritchie, T. D., Walker, W. R., Marsh, S., & Skowronski, J. J. (2015). Narcissism distorts the fading affect bias in autobiographical memory. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 29, 104-114.

Hepper, E. G., Wildschut, T., Sedikides, C., Ritchie, T. D., Yung, Y-F., Hansen, N., Abakoumkin, G., Arikan, G., Cisek, S. Z., Demassosso, D. B., Gebauer, J. E., Gerber, J., Gonzales, R., Kusumu, T., Misra, G., Rusu, M., Ryan, O., Stephan, E., Vingerhoets, A. J. J., Zhou, X. (2014). Pancultural nostalgia: Prototypical conceptions across cultures. Emotion, 14, 733-747.

Ritchie, T. D., Batteson, T. J., Bohn, A., Crawford, M. T., Ferguson, G. V., Schrauf, R. W., Vogl, R. J., & Walker, W. R. (2014). A pancultural perspective on the fading affect bias in autobiographical memory. Memory, 23, 278-290.

Ritchie, T. D., Skowronski, J. J., Cadogan, S., & Sedikides, C. (2014). Affective responses to self-defining autobiographical events. Self and Identity, 13, 513.534.

Sagarin, B. J., West, S. T., Ratnikov, A., Homan, W. K., Ritchie, T. D., & Hansen, E. J. (2014). Treatment non-compliance in randomized experiments: Statistical approaches and design issues. Psychological Methods, 19, 317-333.

Ritchie, T. D., & Batteson, T. J. (2013). Perceived changes in ordinary autobiographical events' affect and visual imagery colorfulness. Consciousness and Cognition, 22, 461-470.

Ritchie, T. D., & Bryant, F. B. (2012). Positive mindfulness: A multidimensional model of state mindfulness in relation to positive experience. International Journal of Wellbeing, 2, 150-181.

Ritchie, T. D., Sedikides, C., Wildschut, T., Arndt, J., & Gidron, Y. (2011). Self-concept clarity mediates the relation between stress and subjective well-being. Self and Identity, 10, 493-508.

Ritchie, T. D., Skowronski, J. J., Hartnett, J. L., Wells, B. M., & Walker, W. R. (2009). The fading affect bias in the context of emotion activation level, mood, and personal theories of emotion change. Memory, 17, 428-444.

Ritchie, T. D., & Skowronski, J. J. (2008). Perceived change in the affect associated with dreams: The fading affect bias and its moderators. Dreaming, 18, 27-43.

Ritchie, T. D., Skowronski, J. J., Wood, S. E., Walker, W. R., Vogl, R. J., & Gibbons, J. A. (2006). Event self-importance, event rehearsal, and the fading affect bias in autobiographical memory. Self and Identity, 5, 172-195.

Ritchie, T. D., Skowronski, J. J., Walker, W. R., & Wood, S. E. (2006). Comparing two perceived characteristics of autobiographical memory: Perceptions of memory detail and perceptions of accessibility. Memory, 14, 471-485.